Site Security Review

security website

Site security refers to the measures taken to increase a website’s security level and minimize the risk of unauthorized access. Site security also depends on various other factors that play a crucial role in maintaining a secure website. Network security, server security, internet security, software security, operating system security, and many other factors contribute to building a secure website infrastructure. Our discussion is primarily focused on the foundational aspects, and we won’t delve into detailed security measures in this article. We aim to present our discussion within the context of dynamic websites, as most websites are designed and built using content management systems (CMS). We’ll also briefly touch upon static websites.

The topic of website security is extensive, and in this article, we attempt to address its components comprehensively.

Defining Site Security

Site security encompasses actions taken to ensure a website operates at its highest security level during service and content delivery while being minimally susceptible to security vulnerabilities. A secure site can instill trust in customers and site users.

Using the Internet Securely and Confidently

Internet communication between a website and its users is a two-way process, facilitated through activities such as user registration and login, among others. These user requests are sent from a user’s device to the site, and the site is responsible for responding. For instance, if during registration on a website, data gets intercepted and stolen on the way from your computer to the site, it is a significant security breach. The same holds true if a site administrator encounters this issue. Hence, it is crucial for your site to maintain high levels of security.

Using public internet services doesn’t guarantee security. Secure usage of personal internet services entails various measures such as MAC address filtering on Wi-Fi, disabling WPS on your modem, enabling a firewall, and more.

Using Authorized Software and Licensed Operating Systems

Almost everyone knows that using genuine, original software is more secure than utilizing cracked versions. The reason is that unlicensed or unofficial software might introduce alterations to the core of the operating system, system software, or application software. These alterations can be exploited for espionage, data theft, and the injection of malware into your platform. Once such events occur, you will experience significant consequences, and it’s often too late to remediate the issue. Therefore, it is recommended that you use original software as it offers not only increased security but also demonstrates respect for the software’s owner and an adherence to legitimate software usage.

Using Strong Antivirus and Firewall

The use of a powerful antivirus and firewall is an essential necessity for any webmaster. Neglecting this aspect can lead to various security issues. Antiviruses like ESET and Kaspersky are practical examples that should be used in their original and licensed versions. However, if you’re unable to purchase a license, you can benefit from their limited free versions.

Getting Content Management Systems, Themes, and Plugins from Trusted Sources

One of the reasons websites become vulnerable is the failure to use content management systems, themes, and plugins from trusted sources. Secondary sources can modify file structures and introduce malware, spam, and more. It is recommended to always use reputable and genuine sources to avoid security issues on your website.

Using Strong Passwords

We all recognize the necessity of using passwords to protect our data, yet we often overlook this crucial aspect. A strong password should contain over 8 characters and include a mix of lowercase and uppercase letters, special characters like ($, &, *, !, #, @), and numbers. Additionally, you can use BitLocker for enhanced protection of sensitive data.

Another critical point is changing your password periodically, typically once a month, to guard against brute force attacks.

Establishing Proper Access Control

We recommend always protecting the entry points to your website’s management. Doing so ensures the security of your site. When your site falls into the hands of a hacker, this action allows you to disrupt the hacker’s activities through the admin panel.

Website security depends on various factors, and it’s never achieved by a single action. It’s a combination of all security measures that keeps your site at a high level of safety. Our experience has shown that proper security configurations have proven to be beneficial for websites. Remember, in website security, even the smallest details matter.

Implementing Access Restrictions

Always create access restrictions on your website; this can improve the security of your site. You can define IP addresses, which can help identify and block unauthorized users from accessing files. In this case, if someone tries to access these restricted files with malicious intentions, they will receive a ‘forbidden’ or ‘access denied’ message. Try to set up access restrictions for your admin panel.

Fighting Against Spammers

Today, bots perform various tasks that can be either helpful or harmful. We never want to fall prey to malicious bots like spam bots. reCAPTCHA by Google is recommended for protecting your site. Even world-renowned and reputable websites use this system, so you can use it with confidence.

Monitoring and Updating Security Issues

To maintain your site’s security, you should always stay up-to-date with the latest security news. Websites of all sizes, large, medium, or small, have faced various security challenges. When you publish content, products, or similar items on your site, you need to address security vulnerabilities and select solutions. Your vigilance in this area helps prevent security issues on your site. It is advisable to join newsletters, blogs, and social networks related to the products you use, as this will keep you informed about any new changes.

Implementing an SSL Security Certificate on Your Site

Another method to enhance your site’s security is using an SSL certificate. In addition to improving security, it positively impacts user trust and SEO results. SSL functions by encrypting data using complex algorithms for input and output information. This ensures that users and site administrators do not encounter problems when using the internet, even on unsecured networks. SSL works to confront eavesdropping and data theft by hackers using complex encryption algorithms.

Header and Footer of a Website

header & footer

Website Footer

Website design is one of the crucial aspects of a business that requires considering various factors to create an appropriate website design that appeals to users.

A website consists of different sections such as the Header and the Content, and there’s the website footer.

In the last section of the page, you’ll find the website footer. Contrary to the belief of some people who may not consider it very important, it must be emphasized that this is a misconception. The website footer is, in fact, one of the most critical parts of website design, as it can encompass essential elements that contribute to attracting more customers.

What Is a Website Footer?

What is a website footer? If you take a look at other websites, you’ll notice that an entire webpage is divided into three sections. The top section, which contains the menu, logo, and more, is called the Header.

Further down, as you scroll, you’ll find that the main body of the site, the Content, includes descriptions, images, and important, primary content. Also, at the bottom of the page, you’ll see a section that holds various information; this is the Footer.

What’s Included in the Footer?

You might wonder what purpose a footer serves and what elements are placed in it. There’s no definitive answer to this question because each website includes different elements in its footer, depending on its field of activity.

However, it’s common to include information such as contact details, address, links to social networks like Telegram and Instagram, electronic badges such as trust seals, and more in a website’s footer. It’s worth noting that these details can vary from one website to another, and they are not limited to these elements.

What Is a Header?

The top section of a website is referred to as the header. The website header is one of the strategic parts of a site because, when people enter your site, the first thing they see is the header. The header serves as the site’s introduction within the first few seconds of user entry. It should provide essential and primary product information to the audience. In terms of design, the header, in addition to creativity, should be compelling, attractive, concise, and informative. The header is often referred to as the site menu, which is the primary and key element of site navigation.

The Best Methods for Designing Your Website Header

Mapping out your website design often involves reaching out to experts who live and breathe it (psst, that’s us). Take, for example, a website header design. You’ve definitely heard of a header and used it on other websites countless times, but do you really know how much potential this small piece of web real estate holds?

Designing a complete website header is a more customized process than you might think. When creating your website, remember that the header is the first thing visitors encounter when they land on your homepage.

Like all aspects of your site, this section should reflect your brand and encompass strategic and creative thinking.

Whether you’re starting from scratch or revamping your current site, we have a collection of the best methods for creating a header design that is as intelligent and appealing as other parts of your website.

Methods to Increase Website Speed

Methods to Increase Website Speed

“Improving Website Speed

One of the most important factors for SEO is increasing the speed of your website. To enhance the SEO of your site, you need to speed it up. Website loading speed is highly important and practical, as better loading speed will improve your ranking on Google. However, keep in mind that website speed is directly related to website design. The more complex your website design, the lower the website’s performance will be.

In this article, we will discuss several methods to increase website speed.

Image Optimization

Images are essential elements of our website that represent the creative ideas of the website’s creator. Our main goal in optimizing website images is to create suitable SEO. If the SEO we create is appropriate, it will attract the attention of website visitors. User satisfaction is important for search engines. With image optimization, you can easily rank high in Google search results. By optimizing images, search engines help increase the click-through rate (CTR) of your posts.

Ways to optimize images:
  • Image Names: When uploading images, make sure the image names correspond to the main topic. Add alt and title attributes to your images; this significantly impacts your SEO and improves your site’s ranking.
  • Image Size: Resize your site’s images properly. Avoid producing large-sized images. It’s better to use software like Photoshop to prepare images.
  • Image File Size: Try to use lightweight images for your website. Ensure that reducing the image size does not affect image quality. Saving images in PNG format is advisable.
  • Original Images: It’s better to design your website’s images yourself rather than copying them from other sites.

Selecting Appropriate Hosting and Domain

The term ‘host’ refers to hosting services, which is essentially a server that stores and maintains data. A domain refers to the address assigned to our site.

Improving website speed is divided into two parts: hardware and software. If you use low-cost and low-quality hosting services, your site’s speed will undoubtedly be slow. Using free hosting services often results in issues with service speed. When the company that provides our services hosts our website in powerful data centers, our site’s speed will be high.

Another solution to increase website speed is to use dedicated and virtual servers for your website, which means your hosting will be exclusive, and all resources and data will be dedicated to your website.

CSS Optimization

Many programmers use internal models for their HTML code, which is incorrect and increases the file size.

Minimize Redirects

Redirects create a cycle of additional request-response in the HTTP protocol, ultimately causing delays in opening a page on the site. In the best case, each redirect creates an additional round trip, and in the worst case, multiple additional round trips in the HTTP protocol. Therefore, you should minimize the use of redirects to improve your website’s performance. Redirects slow down your page because going to a page and then redirecting from there consumes extra time. Make sure to read the post related to resolving the ‘Minimize Redirects’ error.”

What Are the Reasons for Website Hacking?

hacking website

When your website gets hacked, you lose your rankings on search engines, and in some of the worst cases, sensitive information about your company and all website data is lost.

To prevent this from happening to your business in the future, the first step is to purchase an SSL certificate. Then it’s important to understand why hackers might target your website, so you know what steps to take to prevent WordPress website hacking.

1. Hacking Due to Unpatched Vulnerabilities:

You might have heard the term ‘vulnerability scanning’ in relation to computer antivirus software. It’s a common practice in the design of programs that identify reasons for site hacking that hackers could exploit to damage your files or computer system. They suggest the necessary solutions to address them. Unfortunately, hackers can use a similar scanning approach to hack your WordPress website. Given this reality, it’s always essential to regularly check your WordPress website for vulnerabilities and patch them immediately.

2. Hacked Because of Exposure to Automated Hackers:

While having a website on a platform like WordPress is easy and user-friendly, during changes and updates, as well as regular content production for business connection to search engines, a WordPress website is exposed to automatic attacks known as bots. While these bots aren’t inherently malicious, if not checked immediately, they can quickly bring your website down.

3. SQL Injection Attack:

One of the most common reasons for website hacking is the SQL injection attack, whose goal is to input code into the site’s database and manipulate the data.

Website Hacking Due to Third-Party Connections

Do you work with an email company, utilize Google Maps, or use Facebook integration features on your WordPress website? While all of these are excellent features to offer your customers, they can also provide an opening for hackers. Make sure these third-party companies are reputable and safeguard your customer’s security.

WordPress Website Hacking Due to Security Weaknesses

Another reason for WordPress website hacking is carelessness. Most business owners are unaware of how easy it is for a hacker to target and misuse a WordPress website. This is why many people configure server or WordPress website access codes in a way that makes them difficult to guess. This practice exposes the website to vulnerabilities, and if the password is not secure enough, hackers can find potential passwords within seconds.

Ensure you follow these steps to enhance password security against website hacking:

  • ¬†Create long passwords: Ideal passwords should be 16+ characters, as long as they are not repetitive or a common word.
  • Use a combination of letters, numbers, and symbols for your password.
  • Use words or phrases that are not easily guessable.
  • Avoid security questions that can be answered by checking your social media profiles.
  • Regularly change your password.
  • Do not use a password similar to the ones used for other things.
  • Use two-factor authentication.

Using SSL to Prevent WordPress Website Hacking

Do you have SSL on your WordPress website? Don’t want to be on the list of hacked sites? If not, you’ve left a significant vulnerability for potential hackers to exploit. SSL technology ensures that the connection between the website and the browser is encrypted, helping protect your website visitors and ensuring that you safeguard your potential customers. Through encryption, SSL technology ensures that the information shared between your website and your customers remains private. This is why purchasing an SSL certificate is essential to prevent WordPress site hacking.

Recovery Process in Case of WordPress Website Hacking

Fortunately, there are multiple strategies you can have both before and after your WordPress website gets hacked. Before a hacking incident, create a strategy to assist you in case your website is hacked. When your WordPress website is hacked, conduct a quick assessment of what you’ve lost. Do you still have access to your website? Have hackers gained access to sensitive information?”

?How to Become a Web Designer

?How to Become a Web Designer

Who Is a Web Designer?

Website design is an integral part of the marketing strategy for any company today. Therefore, the presence of web designers is essential for every company. Without a website, companies may carry out their work, but there is always a gap between their work and the absence of a website for selling products and introducing them to other companies.

Several Factors to Become a Web Designer

Advertisement is the most important principle.

In any profession, if you want to become known and advance, you need to introduce yourself to others. When you become known in your target community, you can significantly ensure your success. However, how you advertise yourself is very important, as doing this accidentally may cause you to lose your customers. Fortunately, there are now convenient methods for online marketing that, in addition to not costing you a lot, can cover a large community.

Fundamental Drawing

Although design is not essential for most web designers’ work, for expressing your ideas to customers and peers, elements of image are necessary. Most graphic designers and web designers should be able to draw various charts and networks for drawing their diagrams.

Web Design Theory

Most websites have specific and organized contents, and good websites always follow a precise theory in design, attractiveness, navigation laws, and coding. Those who want to work at a high level are specially designed for special audiences and increase the company’s specified objectives. Web designers should always satisfy their audience with their theories and make their content specific to their audience.

Website Layout and Structure

If you want to build a website, you need to have a proper understanding of its structure. In general, web site’s home pages should not be full of content because visitors become confused when they see the crowded site. You should organize your website in such a way that you are safe from hackers, and you should optimize the search engine’s requirements. Website pages should be so that visitors can easily follow their desired path and reach their goal.

Standards and Analysis

In this part, as a designer, you should review your design or ask your friends and acquaintances to have a look. This helps you find flaws in your work and improve your work. The more you ask your surroundings, the easier it will be to design your website and improve its flaws.

Learning Programming Languages

Most web designers need at least some basic programming language knowledge such as HTML, CSS, PHP, jQuery, JavaScript, and Flash.

Search Engine Optimization

Understanding search engine techniques helps a web designer create websites that are prominently displayed when users search for specific keywords or topics.

The point is that you should always try to keep your website up-to-date and attract people to your website with simple but attractive content.

Using Graphic Software

The most famous software that most designers use is Photoshop.

What is the Job of a Web Designer?

The main job of a web designer is to create a website that is not only visually appealing but also highly inspiring and user-friendly, enabling users to easily interact with the content and the website’s environment. The primary role of a web designer is to create the visual elements of a website, controlling everything from layout to color schemes and more.

Tasks that a web designer must perform include:
  • Meetings with clients to discuss their goals and needs.
  • Decisions on style, layout, fonts, color schemes, content writing, and graphics and images.
  • Implementing designs through programming.
  • Optimizing the website for easy discoverability by search engines.
  • Loading content onto the website and ensuring its stylistic appropriateness.

Purpose of Website Design

web design

What are the Benefits of Website Design and Why Should You Have a Website?

In August 2017, it was 26 years since the first web page entered the online world. Believing this fact is quite challenging as the internet has grown remarkably in a peculiar way since that year.

It seems that this growth will continue indefinitely. With more than a billion registered domains, the trend is on the rise.

However, another reality is that out of the millions of websites and domains registered, only about one-fourth of them are truly active. The rest are considered “parked” domains with no activity. Among these 250 million active websites, only a limited number receive daily traffic and visits to their content.

Therefore, there is still a reasonable space for new websites seeking to be active on the internet.

Many small businesses have yet to utilize the internet space to develop their businesses. In fact, according to research conducted in the United States, 49% of small businesses don’t have a website. This statistic is likely much higher in Iran.

The first reason your company and business need a website, even if you have fewer than 5 employees, is that there is no other place where you can find so many potential customers in such a short time.

For example, research shows that Canadians spend about 36.3 hours per month searching on the internet (a little over an hour a day), while this number is approximately 35.2 hours among American users.

It’s interesting to note that although precise statistics are not available, these figures in Iran are much higher. In some studies, the average presence of Iranian users in the virtual space (websites, searches, and social networks) is estimated at 5 to 9 hours per day, which is remarkably high.

With more than 40 million internet users in Iran, this is a very high number. Therefore, due to its inherent characteristics, the virtual world has a significant potential for marketing. According to almost all marketing experts, the virtual space is considered the largest and most powerful platform for increasing sales and marketing in all of human history.

All of this only scratches the surface of the power and vastness of the virtual world. If you are a small or medium-sized business owner and still wonder about the benefits of having a website, consider these six clear reasons:

Today, people use the internet instead of a phone book.

The fact is that nowadays, people find most of their needed and vital information on the internet. Potential customers decide which doctor or clinic to visit, which service company to use, and where and how to purchase their desired products through mobile phones and internet searches. Neglecting such great potential goes against all marketing principles and methods.

Stages of Website Design with WordPress

Stages of Website Design with WordPress

WordPress is the most popular content management system for launching websites, and it is available for free. This system allows you to implement any type of website, from simple to advanced, and even if you are a PHP coder, you can add features to WordPress. The most popular content management systems are WordPress, Joomla, and Drupal, with WordPress being the most popular among them due to its numerous built-in features. Additionally, WordPress has a much larger selection of pre-made templates compared to Joomla and Drupal, which has contributed to its popularity.

Stages of Website Design with WordPress

First, you need to decide whether you want a custom website design or a website design with a content management system. We recommend using the WordPress content management system, and we will explain the reasons for this in the following article.

Website Design with WordPress

What is the reason for using WordPress?

WordPress is completely free, but if you want to use a custom website, you have to incur a lot of expenses and the time required for custom website design is extensive.
The security of WordPress is very high, but a custom site lacks a lot of security, and you have to spend a lot to secure your site.
WordPress is constantly being updated, and many individuals devote their time to expanding it and adding more plugins to it. However, for a custom website, you have to pay a fee for every new feature.
Designing a website with WordPress is very easy; all you need to do is stay with us in this article, and you can easily design your website within a few minutes.

1. Purchase Hosting and Domain

You need to purchase hosting, which is the hosting space where your website will be placed, and a domain, which is your website’s address.

2. Website Development Using WordPress

Now, install WordPress on your hosting. Add your desired plugins to the system.

3. Install WooCommerce for E-commerce Website Design

If you want to turn your website into an online store, you should install the WooCommerce e-commerce plugin on WordPress. By doing this, you can add your desired products to your site and sell them. The advantage of WooCommerce is its compatibility with Iranian payment gateways.

Tools Needed for Learning Website Design with WordPress

Google Chrome

The browser we will use is Google Chrome. There are various reasons for using this browser. However, to ensure that all the images used in the professional website design tutorials with WordPress will be similar to your user interface, download this browser and replace it with other browsers.

XAMPP Software

In summary, this software will create a virtual site on your computer. This means that you will be able to design a website on your computer without the need for the internet. Once your professional website design is complete, you can transfer it to a real host so that internet users can view your site.

Content Management System (CMS)

Content Management System

There are many methods and programming languages available for website design.

If you intend to design a website, you’ve probably heard of the Content Management System or CMS.

Now, the question is, what is a Content Management System (CMS)?

CMS stands for Content Management System. It’s a system that allows you to manage the content of your website.

Dynamic or dynamic websites require a CMS because the content on these websites is constantly changing or new content is being uploaded.

By using various content management systems, you can easily make changes to your website’s content without the need for programming knowledge or writing code.

Types of Content Management Systems:

 **Open Source:**

Open Source Content Management Systems are free software, and their code is accessible and modifiable. In normal circumstances, you don’t need this feature, but for large websites that require customization, you can use this software. The positive aspect of open-source software is that users and experts from around the world have access to it, leading to the continuous development of more extensions.

**Shared Content Management System or Software As A Service (SAAS):**

Shared content management systems are a type of CMS where users do not have access to its code and must purchase a shared content management system from service providers on a monthly or yearly basis. Some of the notable shared content management systems include WordPress, Squarespace, and Wix.

Types of Open Source Content Management Systems:

1. **WordPress:**

Approximately 60 million websites worldwide are designed using WordPress.

What do you think could be the reason for the popularity of this content production system?

WordPress initially started its activities as a blogging platform and gradually expanded its scope.

To the point that it is now recognized as the most popular CMS available, claiming a 40% market share.

The most important features of this content management system include:

  • Quick and easy installation
  • Low file size
  • Free to use
  • Numerous plugins available
  • Compatibility and optimization for search engines
  • User-friendly interface

If you want to create a content-focused blog or news website, WordPress is your best choice.

2. **Joomla:**

Joomla was introduced in 2005, and it is considered a strong competitor to WordPress.

This system is suitable for content-based websites as well as large e-commerce websites. Some of its features include:

– Quick and easy installation
– Free to use
– Over 6,000 available extensions

Joomla is suitable for all types of online businesses, both small and large. It is programmed in the PHP programming language and stores website content in databases such as MySQL, MySQLi, or PostgerSQL.

One of Joomla’s notable advantages compared to WordPress is its well-organized and precise user section. User registration on Joomla is done through forms on the website, and user management is handled through the “Users” section in the admin panel.

3. **Drupal:**

Drupal is one of the types of content management systems that help you add articles, news, sales listings, and more to your website without the need for technical knowledge.

Some of the positive features of Drupal include:

– Support for the Persian language
– Ability to create any type of website
– Open source and free software
– Access to various templates
– Access to various modules
– High security

4. **PHP Nuke:**

Php Nuke is an old CMS system that was more popular before WordPress and Joomla.

In recent years, Php Nuke has fallen out of competition with other CMS systems due to issues it had with speed and security, and it is not widely recognized among users anymore

5. **Magento:**

The structure of Magento is such that you need training and learning to work with it, and even navigating its admin interface can be somewhat challenging.

Another problem with this CMS system is the lack of information and documentation provided by its developers, which has reduced its usage among users.

6. **PrestaShop:**

Without a doubt, PrestaShop is one of the most powerful and professional e-commerce platforms in the world, offering extensive capabilities.

Key features of PrestaShop include:

  • – Quick and free installation
  • Compatibility with multilingual stores
  • Compatibility with different currency units
  • Powerful management panel
  • High flexibility and scalability
  • Accounting, inventory management, and customer management systems
  • Optimized structure for search engines

7. **OpenCart:**

OpenCart is exclusively designed for online stores.

Key features of this system include:

  • Numerous extensions
  • Strong support and community forums
  • Simple and organized admin panel

As we have discussed in this article, there are various types of content management systems, and as you can see, WordPress ranks highly among CMS systems due to its features and high loading speed. Nevertheless, it is advisable to consult with an expert in the field before designing a website to avoid the need for redesigning.

?What are the important factors to consider when buying a domain name

domain name

What are the important factors to consider when buying a domain name?

Before obtaining a domain and purchasing hosting, several important factors need to be considered. In the following, you will become familiar with these points.

Domain Name and Root Domai

The choice of a domain name is highly dependent on the name of your website. For example, if you manage an online business, your domain name will be the same as your business name, or some businesses use abbreviated or similar names.

Top-Level Domain (TLD)

The top-level domain (TLD) is essential for your website. TLDs come in different types:

1. gTLD (Generic Top-Level Domain):These are generic and include extensions like .net, .com, .org, and more.
2. ccTLD (Country Code Top-Level Domain):These are specific to countries, with each country having its own domain. Examples include .ir, .ca, .ge, and more.

If you are torn between choosing a .com or .ir domain, it’s recommended that if your website is aimed solely at Iran, you consider registering a .ir domain. However, if your website is in English or multilingual, prioritize registering a .com domain.

After selecting a domain name and extension, it’s time to choose a domain registrar. In other words, which company you want to purchase your domain from. We recommend registering your domain with Asa Company.

Asa Company offers various domain extensions and can assist you in making the right choice. You can also transfer your domain to Asa Company. Domain transfer and registration with Asa Company are straightforward. Asa Company provides various domain types, including:

1. Iranian domains
2. International domains
3. Domains with Persian characters (IDN)

How to Purchase a Domain

To obtain a domain, first select a suitable name that is easy to pronounce and write in English. Once you’ve chosen the name, visit domain registration websites. Search for your desired name along with your preferred extension to see if it’s available for purchase. If it’s available, you can proceed with the purchase. If it’s already registered, you’ll need to choose a different name or consider purchasing the same name with a different extension.

Renewing a Domain

Every domain you purchase needs to be renewed periodically. The renewal period can vary from one to five years, depending on the registrar. Usually, domain renewals are done annually. The registrar will alert you a few days before the renewal date, and it’s crucial not to forget to renew your domain. Failing to renew your domain means losing your website and all the SEO and efforts you’ve invested.

A domain that is not renewed can be purchased by others after a certain period, and they can take ownership of it.

Comparison of WordPress cms with other cms

Comparison of Wordpress cms with other cms

(CMS) or Content Management System is one of the major factors for the success of most websites and is vital. In general, a CMS is a system for managing, publishing, editing, deleting, maintaining, and organizing the content of a website, covering the entire process from content creation to publication. Let’s delve further into its meaning.

What is a CMS?

To put it simply, for establishing an online business, you need a website and a secure payment gateway. A Content Management System (CMS), often abbreviated as CMS, is software that helps users create and manage content on their website without the need for learning coding languages or specialized technical knowledge.

Types of Content Management Systems (CMS):

There are various types of content management systems, each with its advantages and disadvantages. Content management systems are generally divided into three categories, which are:

1. Proprietary CMS (Custom CMS):
Many companies have their own proprietary CMS with complete ownership. With this type of web-based content management system, they have full control over all parts of the website and can operate it in a highly personalized manner.

2. Open Source CMS:
Open source means that the software is available to all users, and anyone can modify it to suit their personal needs. These CMS platforms are typically free and come with a variety of pre-designed templates. One of the most popular open-source content management systems is WordPress, which is widely accessible and constantly evolving.

3. Software as a Service (SaaS) CMS:
SaaS stands for Software as a Service, which means software offered as a service. This service provides the capabilities of open-source systems but does not grant you access to its code. Instead, you must acquire it from service providers by purchasing a subscription. With this service, you can use design templates, receive support, and more.

In content management systems, there are many systems that fall into each of these categories. Here are some examples of these systems:

Best Content Management Systems for Personal Websites:
– WordPress
– Blogger
– Squarespace
Best Content Management Systems for E-commerce Websites:
– Joomla
– Drupal
– Magento
– Textpattern
– PrestaShop
– OpenCart

These are the main types of CMS and some examples of popular systems within each category. A CMS is a crucial tool for website management and content creation, and the choice of CMS depends on the specific needs and goals of a website.

What is WordPress (CMS)?

WordPress is also a Content Management System (CMS) that allows its users to create dynamic websites and blogs. It offers features for editing, publishing, and changing the content of a website, making it an open-source content management system with many advantages. WordPress is the most popular blogging system on the web.

Features of the WordPress Content Management System:

1. User Management: This feature allows users to manage user information, change user roles (subscriber, contributor, author, editor, or administrator), create or delete users, change passwords, and modify other user details.

2. Media Management: This tool is for managing media files and folders, making it easy to upload, organize, and manage media files on your website.

3. Themes: This option helps in managing the appearance and aesthetics of the site. It includes images, page styles, template files, and custom pages.

4. Extensibility with Plugins: Several plugins are available that provide custom functions and features according to user needs.

5. Search Engine Optimization (SEO) Optimization: WordPress offers tools for optimizing your site and articles for better performance and search engine ranking.

Advantages of WordPress CMS:

1. WordPress is an open-source platform and is freely available.
2. CSS files can be customized according to design preferences.
3. There is a wide selection of plugins and templates available for users to choose from.
4. Media files can be easily and quickly uploaded.
5. WordPress provides various SEO tools to improve search engine performance.
6. Customization is relatively easy in WordPress.

Disadvantages of WordPress CMS:

1. Using too many plugins can slow down your website.
2. PHP knowledge is required to modify a WordPress website.
3. Updates are necessary to keep WordPress compatible with current browsers and mobile devices, and updating can result in data loss, requiring backups.

Comparison of WordPress with Other CMS:

As WordPress is a leading CMS in the market, we have evaluated it against competitors to highlight the differences between the software and what suits it better. For comparison, we have considered the top three options: WordPress, Joomla, and Drupal.

You should start by looking at platforms that are flexible enough to meet your future needs while providing a return on your investment. Most importantly, choose a system that aligns with your level of expertise.

Differences between WordPress and other CMS:

1. Hosting: The choice of hosting plays a vital role in a successful website. Consider your website’s development and maintenance costs when choosing a platform.

2. Cost: The final costs depend on your needs; make sure the chosen platform allows you to get what you need within your budget.

3. Complexity: WordPress is designed to be user-friendly and requires minimal coding knowledge, making it accessible for beginners.

4. Design and Layout: The appearance of your site is crucial for its success. Your brand should stand out through good design and user-friendly interfaces.

5. Flexibility: Access to plugins and themes is crucial for customizing your website according to your ideas.

6. Ease of Deployment: Using WordPress doesn’t require knowledge of a specific programming language, making it accessible for users of all technical levels.

Translation: Similarities Between WordPress and Joomla

In a brief comparison, it can be said that these two have many similarities.

Both are excellent choices for performance and customization.
Both are free and open-source, making them easy to set up and use.
Both are suitable for a wide range of users, from bloggers to experienced web designers.

Cost

Both platforms are entirely free to download and install, but the costs associated with building on these platforms differ.

Complexity

To create a successful website with Drupal, you need to have a good understanding of basic coding principles. Drupal uses a more technical approach to structuring your website and defining its layout, which may not be very beginner-friendly.

Security

Both Joomla and WordPress are on par with security once they are set up, updated, and maintained. They regularly release new software versions, and with each update, it is necessary to individually update all plugins and themes.

Flexibility

For example, if you want multilingual support, Joomla offers this capability exclusively, while for WordPress, you need to download and activate a plugin like Polylang to achieve multilingual functionality on your platform.

Comparison of WordPress with Drupal

Only 1.5 million websites worldwide use Drupal. Drupal is considered the most robust and powerful CMS with the highest potential for building complex and web application projects. However, one significant drawback is that working with Drupal can be very challenging and is not suitable for beginners.

These two platforms were released with a significant time difference, but over the years, WordPress has received more feedback. The reason for users choosing WordPress is the ease of working with it. Here, we will delve further into the differences between these two.

Cost

Both platforms are free for download and installation, but the costs associated with building on them vary.

Complexity

To build a successful website with Drupal, you need to have a good understanding of basic coding principles. Drupal takes a more technical approach to structuring your website and defining its layout, which may not be very appealing to beginners.

Security

Drupal has the necessary security features for designing official government websites, which are security-sensitive. However, WordPress can handle any security vulnerabilities by using security plugins. Maintaining your site’s security is vital, and doing so is straightforward for WordPress, but somewhat challenging for websites under Drupal since they require a developer to install or update modules, which are the equivalent of plugins in the Drupal world.

Flexibility

Since websites designed with Drupal are less reliant on plugins (modules), they often offer better performance. This is because they don’t have the limitations of WordPress websites. Achieving similar results requires more effort on WordPress’s part. If you are familiar with HTML, you will understand that Drupal offers more scalability and quality compared to other major CMS platforms. It can be described as being “overpowered.”

Conclusion:

In this article, we explored content management systems (CMS) and provided details on various CMS types, their features, advantages, and disadvantages. Within this timeframe, we became acquainted with WordPress as a CMS, and, according to what was mentioned, it’s possible to create excellent websites and benefit from its advantages. However, the choice for your website should be made after considering and comparing all the options, their pros and cons. Before making a decision, carefully assess your needs, evaluate WordPress against other CMS, and choose the best one for yourself. I hope this article has been helpful to you.